Document Type: Research Paper
Authors
- Reza Akbari ^{} ^{1}
- Ali Vahidian Kamyad ^{2}
- Ali akbar Heydari ^{3}
- Aghileh Heydari ^{1}
^{1} Department of Mathematical Sciences, Payame Noor University, P.O.Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran.
^{2} Department of Mathematics Sciences, University of Ferdowsi, Mashhad, Iran.
^{3} Research Center for Infection Control and Hand Hygiene, Mashhad University Of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract
In this paper we study the dynamics of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection under administration of a vaccine and treatment, where the disease is transmitted directly from the parents to the offspring and also through contact with infective individuals. Stability of the disease-free steady state is investigated. The basic reproductive rate, $R_0$, is derived. The results show that the dynamics of the model is completely determined by the basic reproductive number $R_0$. If $R_0<1$, the disease-free equilibrium is globally stable and the disease always dies out and if $R_0>1$, the disease-free equilibrium is unstable and the disease is uniformly persistent.
Keywords
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